Hello students, are you ready for the material?

Today, we’re going to learn about Analytical Exposition Text.

An analytical exposition is a type of spoken or written text that is intended to persuade the listeners or readers that something is the case.

To make the persuasion stronger, the speaker or writer gives some arguments as the fundamental reasons why something is the case. This type of text can be found in scientific books, journals, magazines, newspaper articles, academic speech or lectures, research report etc.

Analytical expositions are popular among science, academic community and educated people. The generic structure of analytical exposition usually has three components: (1) Thesis, (2) Arguments and (3) Reiteration or conclusion.

A. Generic Structure of Analytical Exposition

  1. Thesis : Introduces the topic and shows speaker or writer’s position; Outlines of the arguments are presented.

  2. Arguments : It consists about Point and Elaboration. Point, states the main argument. Elaboration, develops and supports each point of argument

  3. Conclusion : Reiteration (restatement), restates speaker or writer’s position

B. Generic Features

  1. An analytical exposition focuses on generic human and non human participants.

  2. It uses mental processes. It is used to state what the writer or speaker thinks or feels about something. For example: realize, feel etc.

  3. It uses emotive and evaluative words

  4. It often needs material processes. It is used to state what happens, e.g. ….has polluted… etc.

  5. It usually uses Simple Present Tense and Present Perfect Tense.

  6. Enumeration is sometimes necessary to show the list of given arguments: Firstly, secondly …, Finally, etc

Now, look at the following example:

Controlling Children Using Computer

Computer and internet are useful as well as powerful. Information about health and safe usage of computer and Internet, especially for children, should be owned by each family. Computer connected to internet is powerful way to socialize with others. It can be good but also bad effect. Recently we hear a lot of children get the advantage of social networking sites but we often see the news about the disadvantage of it for children. Healthy and safety of computer and Internet usage should continue to be campaigned.

The role of parent in assisting and directing children in using computer is very necessary. Installation of software monitor such as key logger which has function to watch and note all activities relating to keyboard usage is helpful but not enough to protect children from potential harms. Children tend to hide what they have done in front of the computer to their parent. They see that all of they have done are their privacy and no one may know.

We can not prevent children from using computer because it is multifunctional. However, many parents worry about what their kids do in front of the computer; whether they are doing homework or even just playing games. Or spending all time to surf internet which is the materials do not fit with his age. There is a tendency, especially teenagers, want to become acquainted with many strangers out side. The lack parental supervision of children’s activities is likely to pose a potential danger to them. So parental monitor against the use of computers needs to be done from time to time.

More information:

  1. Emotive language adds strong description to the facts and so help to create an extremely subjective tone of the text. It plays a role in persuading the readers toward the writer’s opinion e.g. Most adult Indonesian,
  2. Evaluative language is another way to persuade people agree with the writer’s opinion e.g. This is the worst, It’s true, It’s important, It’s clear, I believe, It is obvious that etc.
  3. Enumerations such as Firstly, secondly, thirdly etc are sometimes given to show the list of given arguments
  4. Present Tense: I think, English is international language, Everybody needs to learn English etc


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